Search the Community
Showing results for tags 'legislation'.
Found 4 results
Hey guys, An Idea visited me a long time ago to create a legality map to point all the countries over the world that have a specific positive/negative relationship with Segways, EUCs and other rideable devices. After 6 months of research, I've formed a more/less comprehensive list, which is, however, becoming obsolete quite rapidly. Here's where I need your help! If you spot that your country's status is wrong / has changed / is not mentioned at all, please add a note in the comments. Even more important, please throw in official references to docs if you have access to them online. You can see below that some countries have official documents attached to the status, which is an ideal scenario to build a transparent database of info. The whole thing will become a clickable flash version located on one of our websites (probably a non-profit one). Switzerland (negative, ongoing) Electric unicycles are included in the latest statement, the riders are obliged to obtain a number plate and an insurance; it is legal to ride on the bicycle routes in case these documents can be provided by a rider. The issue persists that there is still no framework to register an electric unicycle, nor place a number plate as a result. The overall legislation is slightly more forward thinking than the one in the UK for instance; however, it still prevents EUC users to legally ride their devices anywhere. https://www.news.admin.ch/message/index.html?lang=de&msg-id=56870 Japan (negative, ongoing) Electric scooters, hoverboards, segways and wheels are being tested in designated areas of big cities and science parks, including Tsukuba City science park and Futako Tamagawa area in Tokyo (Hoffman Japan's private research) Hong Kong (negative) Due to the legal framework originating from the United Kingdom's legislative documents, it is not allowed for electric personal transport users to ride on pavements, roads or in any other public areas. Official press release: http://www.info.gov.hk/gia/general/201505/06/P201505060417.htm Singapore (positive) Similar to HK, with the majority of related legislations originating from the British framework, personal electric vehicles were not allowed anywhere except private property. However, early 2016 the Government agreed on the usage of electric unicycles on pavements. http://www.stuff.tv/sg/features/all-you-need-know-about-owning-pev-in-singapore UK (negative) We are all familiar with the situation, here's the detailed explanation http://www.cps.gov.uk/legal/p_to_r/road_traffic_offences/#dot Canada (passive negative) Being motorised, hoverboards and eucs are not allowed on sidewalks or roads, but the law is not enforced nor there is any recorded bad publicity. However, several sources state electric unicycles are equal to motorised mobility scooters. Germany (negative) Electric unicycles are banned from the road and pavement usage along with hoverboards http://ewheels.org/sites/default/files/Homologation_overview_Germany_ENG_2015.pdf Netherlands (neutral) Electric unicycles do not fall into any categories described as vehicles at the moment, making them non-compliant to any rules and restrictions. Unlike hoverboards that were recently proclaimed illegal on pavements and roads, electric unicycles are still in a grey area of legislation of Netherlands that classifies a rider of such thing as a pedestrian. http://wetten.overheid.nl/BWBR0004825/2014-03-20 Russia (positive) Electric unicycles are allowed on pavements Czech Republic (positive, ongoing) Electric unicycles are allowed on pavements with the speed not exceeding the walking pace, and cycling lanes with a speed limit of a generic bike. A slightly stricter framework is currently being developed by the road police in major cities. Ideally, the new regulations will allow local authorities to prohibit the usage of Segways and other rideable gadgets in certain areas, coming down to being able to ban them, for instance, in a single particular zone of Prague. http://www.ibesip.cz/data/web/novela-361-web.pdf Sweden (positive) Electric unicycles are equal to e-mopeds and e-bikes and allowed on cycling paths Finland (positive) Electric unicycles are equal to mopeds and bikes and are allowed on cycling lanes as long as they comply with the framework (front/back lights, helmet). They are also allowed on walkways and pavements if moving at a walking pace. http://www.lvm.fi/-/lightweight-electric-vehicles-to-be-legal-in-road-traffic-796805 Denmark (negative, ongoing) Electric rideables are currently under review by the commission and are being tested against stress situations. Luxembourg (positive) Electric unicycles are allowed on cycling lanes and pavements under 6km/h. The rules differ for various kinds of rideables: http://electricity.lu/index.php/fr/legislation-des-vehicules France, Belgium (positive) Electric unicycles are allowed on pavements and walkways, based on Segway European directive. http://electricity.lu/index.php/fr/legislation-des-vehicules Australia (negative) Electric unicycles, along with other light motorised vehicles, are banned from use in public (neither pedestrian, nor cycling paths). However, that may depend on each state's local legislation, which we are looking into at the moment. Norway (positive) Electric unicycles are legal to ride over the age of 16 and under 20kph, can be ridden in pedestrianized areas (walking speed), sidewalks and roads (under 60km/h). https://www.regjeringen.no/contentassets/f98f2c6a883e4ca1a3874d0c6326fe3e/endringer_selvbalanserende_juni2014b.pdf Israel (neutral) There are no regulations in place neither to prohibit electric rideables nor designate a particular area to use them on. It's fair to assume that electric unicycles are equated to skateboards and kick scooters and should be ridden on pavements and sidewalks. Thailand (neutral) There have been no cases of being stopped by the police or having a vehicle ceased. There has nor been legislations evolving around personal electric vehicles. United States NYC (negative) Hoverboards are banned from the usage on the sidewalks and roads of New York City, together with electric unicycles and electric skateboards. California (positive) , however in the state of California they are allowed on the cycling lanes, a rider needs to wear a helmet and not exceed 20mph, and sustainable motor power of less than 1000W. https://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/billTextClient.xhtml?bill_id=201520160AB604 Washington State (positive) The bill dated 7/24/2015 specifically states that a single-wheeled device can be operated on sidewalks and residential streets. http://lawfilesext.leg.wa.gov/biennium/2015-16/Pdf/Bills/Session%20Laws/House/1884.SL.pdf Virginia (positive) With a maximum speed limited to 25 mph, you can ride an electric mobility device on a sidewalk, street or cycling lane. http://law.lis.virginia.gov/vacode/title46.2/chapter8/section46.2-908.1/ Washington DC (positive) Electric rideables, including electric unicycles, are permitted on sidewalks and cycling lanes, with an exception of Central Business District area. Personal Mobility Devices (PMD) are not considered motorised vehicles (although they are?) http://ddot.dc.gov/sites/default/files/dc/sites/dmv/publication/attachments/May%2017%202013%20Non-traditional%20Motor%20Vehicle%20chart.pdf (If anyone feels like elaborating on the legal situation in other states of the US, we will be able to create a separate map for this) Let's create a comprehensive table together!
Today, an associate of mine has taken the Electric Unicycle to the Colorado Department of Revenue/Department of Motor Vehicles, with the purpose of discussing bringing legislation making EUCs legal vehicles within the State of Colorado. This associate is also interested in becoming a reseller, but they won't be doing so until they know that buyers wouldn't be fined or whatnot for riding said vehicles. We hope to act as spokespeople for EUCs within Colorado, and later, the nation as a whole. We're just... not sure on how to proceed. So, I'm looking for opinions in how we should continue, especially considering that Colorado is voting pretty soon (November 7th). But first, let me talk about how the laws for "Vehicles with three or less wheels" work. Specifically, none of them have 'one' wheel, but... let me just get into it. Mind you, all of these questions are legal, meaning Colorado's DMV questions them for any vehicle. The definitions are coming from their own slideshow on definitions, as well as the laws provided within. This can be found at: http://slideplayer.com/slide/3158826/ Does your vehicle have three or less wheels in contact with the ground? Yeah, one. Does your vehicle have a device connected to the front wheel(s) for steering such as, but not limited to, handlebars? No. But notice how they put the S in parentheses. Eh? Ehhhhh? Is your vehicle 1. self-propelled and designed 2. primarily for travel on the public highway and 3.generally used to carry a person or persons? 1.Yes. 2.No. 3.Yes. Is your vehicle equipped with: An internal combustion engine with a cylinder capacity more than 50cc? OR An electric motor with an output of more than 4,476 watts? No. Is your vehicle equipped with pedals for human power? No. Is your vehicle equipped with a manual clutch? No. Is your vehicle equipped with an electric motor with an output of 750 watts or less? This is where it gets interesting. Some of the smaller wheels meet this, but the larger wheels don't. Does your vehicle reach a maximum top motor-powered speed of 20 MPH? Again, see above. Is your vehicle equipped with two tandem wheels? No. Is your vehicle equipped with two parallel wheels in the back of the vehicle with one front wheel? No, this is not a tricycle. Is your vehicle equipped with two parallel wheels in the back of the vehicle with one front wheel? No. Is your vehicle equipped with an electric motor with an output of 750 watts or less? No. Does your vehicle reach a maximum top motor-powered speed of 20 MPH? Another good question, because some can, and some can't. Is your vehicle equipped with two tandem wheels? Note: Tandem means one wheel behind the other in a single-file line. No. Is your vehicle equipped with two parallel wheels in the back of the vehicle with one front wheel? Example: A standard tricycle configuration No. Is your vehicle equipped with An internal combustion engine with a cylinder capacity of 50cc or less? OR An electric motor with an output of 750 watts of electricity or less? Almost a repeat of a previous question, some do, some don't. Are the wheels of your vehicle at least 14 inches in outside diameter? This one is easier to answer. EUCs are rarely smaller than 12". Is your vehicle equipped with 1. two parallel wheels and 2.self-balancing? 1. No 2. Yes Is your vehicle designed to transport only one person? Yes. Are the wheels of your vehicle less than 14 inches in outside diameter? Questionable. END. So, let's take a look at what the standard definitions are, for vehicles with three or less wheels, and cross out anything that a EUC doesn't meet. Also, I'll list the required legalities. Motorcycle: Has handlebars, Has less than 3 wheels, is not classified as a Low Power Scooter. Requires: Drivers license, title/registration, insurance No handlebars, no Motorcycle Low Power Scooter: Designed for use on roadways (?), no more than three wheels, no manual clutch, and either 50cc or 4476 W engine/motor. Requires: License, ID stamp, registration, insurance "Designed for use on roadways" is difficult for any EUC to meet, as low power scooters, or Mopeds, have a usual top speed of 30 mph (45 kmh), and have rear-view mirrors. Otherwise, even the Gotway Monster meets these requirements. Electric Bike: Pedals, less than 750 W motor, top speed of 25 mph (40 kmh), either two tandem wheels or two parallel wheels and a forward wheel. Requires: Nothing No pedals, no bike. Bicycle: Pedals, either two tandem wheels or two parallel wheels and a forward wheel with no wheel larger than 14 inches (35.56cm) Requires: Nothing Even if having two to three wheels is a straight requirement, only 14" or less wheels would qualify, and none of those would be street capable. Even the fastest non-18" wheel I can think of, the Gotway Tesla, is a 16" wheel. Electric Personal Assistive Mobility Device (EPAMD): Self balancing, two parallel wheels, designed for one person, no more than 750 W motor. Requires: Nothing Again, it depends on whether having two wheels is a hard-and-fast rule, or whether it can be bent. Even then, only 14" wheels or less would have such small motors. And even then, many of those have 800 W motors. Toy Vehicle: Wheels no larger than 14" (35.56cm), not designed for roadways, Includes but is not limited to (gas-powered or electric powered vehicles commonly known as mini bikes, pocket bikes, kamikaze boards, go-peds, and stand-up scooters), does not include off-highway vehicles or snowmobiles. Requires: Nothing Most small wheels would fit this definition. The problem is that larger, 16" wheels and larger wouldn't. Therein lies the rub; Wheels 16" or larger cannot be defined by any of these definitions. Now, before I started studying Colorado law, I was going to put EUCs into two categories anyway; Toy and Small Vehicle. Now that I've done further investigation, I'm glad that the Toy Vehicle definition already exists, so those with the smaller classes of wheels already have legal precedent. Thus, the questions I want my associate to bring to the DMV are based around 16" and larger wheels. The way I see it, people use bikes all the time on roads that are mostly clear anyway, and will move to the side when a larger vehicle arrives. These sorts of roads are usually ~25-35 mph Speed Limit anyway. However, Low Power Scooters are allowed on streets 35 mph or less, and EPAMDs are not allowed on bike or pedestrian paths. I believe that this can be even more dangerous for EUC riders and others, as this would force the rider of a larger wheel to use a sidewalk, making it more likely for them to collide with a pedestrian, when a bike path (or an actual street) is available instead. (Which is of course solved by riding more slowly, but we're talking about legalities here.) CRS 42-4-1412 makes Electric Bikes and Mopeds follow the same rules as any other vehicle on the road, which I believe should be applied to larger wheels as well, if they are to be allowed to use the roads legally. I am okay with all EUCs being classified as Toy Vehicles for now, but I don't think that such a solution would be good for the community in general for very long. It only takes one lawsuit after a EUC-Pedestrian collision for the whole community to be demonized and the movement to be held down. And here's a personal anecdote from my associate. When they were about 13, they owned an electric scooter, top speed of ~12 mph (~19 kmh), when they were pulled over by a police officer. The cop told them, "You can't ride that on the sidewalk." Well, the scooter wasn't fast enough to ride on the street, but apparently too fast to be rode on the sidewalk? To which the cop replied, "I don't know, but you can't ride it here." Now, my associate still rode the scooter for the next two years before it broke down, but the fact remains, they could have been fined, arrested, etc. Of course, now, after this research, that scooter would have been classified as a Toy Vehicle, so the cop would have been wrong. Still, this is not something I want to have happen in my state, and something that I am willing to campaign for. So, there are most of my thoughts. Yours?
Actualmente en Barcelona se está aprobando la nueva "Ordenanza" sobre circulación de vehículos que incluye nuestros EUC/Cicletas y les permite la circulación con grandes restricciones. Entendemos que al ser una legislación pionera será copiada por otras ciudades y por tanto es importante que se incluyan las modificaciones necesarias para no convertir nuestros vehículos en meros juguetes. Si se aprueba en su redacción actual no se podría circular por las calzadas genrerales pero tampoco por calles 30 ni aceras y quedarían limitadas a carriles bici o zonas peatonales dificultando enormemente su uso como un vehículo para transporte. Por ello estamos preparando una serie de alegaciones y cualquier ayuda será bienvenida. Hemos creado Una petición en Change.org para solicitar vuestro apoyo en que solicitamos que se modifique la ordenanza para autorizar el tráfico por calzadas 30 cómo ya se hace con los Segways, un uso limitado de aceras y permitir el uso a menoires de 16 años en condiciones concretas. También hemos creado la dirección de correo firstname.lastname@example.org para que quienquiera pueda enviarnos cómo utiliza su vehículo y como le afectaría la nueva legislación. Grácias todos por anticipado
All the big eWheel makers now have integrated Bluetooth data capturing capabilities. Esaj has shown how powerful this information can be for power users in general information gathering. The next logical step seems to be moving in the direction of integrated black-boxes with telemetry & GPS, so that the causes of accidents/failures can be identified with a fair amount of certainty. There is a trend for reducing insurance rates for young drivers who opt to drive with a telemetry App on their smart phone, the same principle could be used to increase the acceptance of eWheels among policy-makers, especially in restrictive countries like Germany, Switzerland, Belgium, etc. Would you as a rider have any qualms, hesitations, issue using a Wheel where you could be personally liable resulting from injury to bystanders & the evidence of your eWheel could be used against you?